When you think about dental health, you may focus on preventing cavities. But it is also important to pay attention to your gums. Gums play a major role in your dental health and your overall well-being. In many instances, swollen and bleeding gums may be a sign of gum disease. It is important to find out why your gums are bleeding or inflamed, so you can take the necessary steps to ensure a healthy and attractive smile. As you’ll see, bleeding gums doesn’t always mean you have periodontal disease.
What Causes Bleeding and Inflamed Gums?
There are four main factors that can be involved in causing bleeding gums. First of all, periodontal disease is caused by certain types of bacteria that live and proliferate under the gum line. Bleeding and inflamed gums are the earliest symptoms of periodontal disease. If you ignore these symptoms, the situation will worsen. This can put your teeth and the bone that supports them in danger. Pumphrey Periodontics can address the bacteria and treat periodontal disease with advanced procedures.
Oral hygiene is the second important factor. Bacteria must be removed every day with proper brushing, flossing, and tongue scraping. Otherwise, bacteria will multiply and can cause harm to the gums, teeth, and bone. Scheduling regular professional cleanings is also necessary to keeping the gums healthy.
Thirdly, medications elicit a variety of side effects. Some people experience inflamed gums or bleeding tissues when taking blood thinners, contraceptives, high blood pressure medicine, and even over-the-counter pain relievers. If you take medications and have bleeding or inflamed gums, talk with your medical doctor.
Finally, hormonal changes can make the gums more susceptible to bleeding and swelling. Pregnant and menopausal women often experience gum tenderness, inflammation, and bleeding. The time of pregnancy is especially important because research shows that gum infections can lead to premature delivery or low birth weight.
If you would like to find out more about bleeding gums and possible treatment plans, please don’t hesitate to call our office or request an appointment online. We will work with you to find the best time for your visit.